(2). There is no reversing the damage already done, we can only make a stand now to try and keep it from becoming worse.
Initiatives are being taken by organizations like Heal the Bay to try and regulate the plastic industry because, as The Ocean Protection Council has found, voluntary solutions do not work. Bill AB 258, signed by Gov. Schwarzenegger, is designed to monitor and regulate the release of pre-production pellets (nurdles) into the marine environment. This was a great step forward to try and stop nurdle pollution at the factory. However, there are things we can individually do to help in the struggle against nurdle polution.
If you are interested in reading more about nurdles, Alan Weisman dedicates a whole chapter of his book The World Without Us to the subject. I would highly recommend picking up this book because the entire thing is mind blowing when it comes to discussing our relationship with the Earth. You can also read the specific chapter about nurdles online HERE.
Pollution caused by plastic production is already evident: especially in our oceans. It will only get worse, however, if nurdle generation continues at its current rate. These plastics and the toxins they absorb will be around long after we're gone. Hopefully it will not be because of them that we are no longer around. Let's re-examine the cost our environment and our own bodies are paying for the convenience of plastic items.